March 2019 Newsletter
Many people are interested in learning more about the heart, lungs, blood sugar, cancer, etc. Education is important in all areas of the human function and the skin also is an important organ to learn about. Not many people realize there is more to skin than just a layer of covering over the rest of the body. This month’s newsletter is the first in a series about the skin, its anatomy and functions. I have included more of the scientific terms than usual both for educational purposes and defining the different parts of the skin.
Know Your Ingredients: Water, Cooked Black Beans (Black beans, water) Cooked Brown Rice (Water, Brown Rice) Onions, Vegetable oil (Corn, Canola and/or sunflower oil) Corn, Soy Flour, Tomatoes, Onion Powder, Wheat Gluten, Egg Whites, Bulgur Wheat, Green Chiles, Calcium Caseinate (milk) Cornstarch, Contains2% or less of spices: Tomato powder, tomato juice, salt, garlic powder, natural flavor, soy sauce powder (soybeans, wheat, salt) jalapeno peppers, gum arabic, cooked onion and carrot juice concentrate, citric acid, xanthan gum
Recipe of the month: Recently we have been exploring bean burgers, looking for tasty, healthy vegetarian additions to our menu. We have tried several recipes, some we like better than others. This bean burger recipe was a big hit while we were in Mexico, easy to make, freezes well and doesn’t take long to cook. I found the recipe at: https://www.yummyhealthyeasy.com
Quinoa Black Bean Burgers
Meatless patties full of black beans, quinoa and spices. You won't believe these are vegetarian!
Author: Jen Nikolaus
Recipe type: Dinner
Serves: 4-5 burgers
Serving size: per burger (no bun) Calories: 270 Fat: 4 g Saturated fat: 1 g Carbohydrates: 46 g Sugar: 1 gFiber: 9 g Protein: 13 g Cholesterol: 33 mg
The integumentary system consists of the skin, hair, nails, and exocrine glands. The actual skin layer is only a few millimeters thick, yet it is the largest organ in the body. The average person’s skin weighs 10 pounds and has a surface area of approximately 20 square feet.
Skin forms the covering of the body and creates a barrier to protect the body from physical damage, UV light, chemicals and disease. Hair and nails extend from the skin to reinforce the skin and help protect it from environmental damage. The exocrine glands produce sweat, oil and wax to protect, cool and moisturize the skin’s surface.
The epidermis is the outer most layer of the skin and covers the entire body. This layer of skin rests upon and protects the deeper and thicker dermis layer of the skin. Structurally the epidermis is only about a tenth of a millimeter thick but is made of 40 to 50 rows of stacked squaous epithelial cells. This outer layer of cells does not contain any blood or blood vessels and receives all of its nutrients from fluids via the dermis.
There are several specialized cells in the epidermis.
Your skin is a reflection of how well your body is eliminating the toxins that build up on a daily basis. Chronic skin conditions such as acne, eczema and psoriasis stem from a combination of genetic factors, immune stress, dietary deficiencies or sensitivities, and the accumulation of toxins in the body. For our skin to be radiant and clear, it is very important that the other organs of elimination (kidneys, liver, lungs, and colon) are cleansing the body effectively. If not, the skin will be overtaxed, pores will become clogged, and eruptions of one sort or another will result.
Judyth Reichenberg-Ullman N.D.
The dermis is the layer of skin found beneath the epidermis and mostly made of dense irregular connective tissue and nervous tissue, blood vessels and blood. The thickness of the dermis gives the skin its strength and elasticity. There are two distinct regions: the papillary layer and the reticular layer.
The papillary layer borders the epidermis and contains many finger-like extensions called dermal papillae which protrude toward the epidermis. The dermal papillae increase the surface are of the dermis, containing many nerves and blood vessels projecting toward the skin surface. Blood flow proves nutrients and oxygen for the epidermis cells. The nerves of the dermal papillae are used to feel touch, pain and temperature.
The reticular layer is the deeper, thicker, and tougher part of the dermis. It is made of irregular connective tissue containing many tough collagen and stretchy elastin fiber running in all directions to provide strength and elasticity to the skin. It also contains blood vessels to support the skin cells and nerve tissue to sense pressure and pain.
The deepest layer in the dermis is loose connective tissues known as the hypodermis, subcutis or subcutaneous tissue. The hypodermis serves as the flexible connection between the skin and underlying muscles and bones as well as a fat storage are. Areolar connective tissue in the hypodermis contains elastin and collagen fibers loosely arranged to allow te skin to stretch and move independently. Fatty adipose tissue stores energy in the form of triglycerides and helps insulate the body by trapping heat produced by the underlying muscles.
“Wash, wash, wash. Tone, tone, tone. Strip the oil, then add an oil-free moisturizer to replace the oil. This is how we've been taught to care for our skin. It seems a little crazy when you see it in print, right? Take all that oil out and add chemicals to replace it. Nuts!”
― Yancy Lael,
Know your ingredient answer: MorningStar Farms® Spicy Black Bean Burgers
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