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March 2019 Newsletter

March 2019 Newsletter

human-skin-structure_1866371.jpgMany people are interested in learning more about the heart, lungs, blood sugar, cancer, etc.  Education is important in all areas of the human function and the skin also is an important organ to learn about.  Not many people realize there is more to skin than just a layer of covering over the rest of the body.  This month’s newsletter is the first in a series about the skin, its anatomy and functions.  I have included more of the scientific terms than usual both for educational purposes and defining the different parts of the skin. 

Know Your Ingredients:  Water, Cooked Black Beans (Black beans, water) Cooked Brown Rice (Water, Brown Rice) Onions, Vegetable oil (Corn, Canola and/or sunflower oil) Corn, Soy Flour, Tomatoes, Onion Powder, Wheat Gluten, Egg Whites, Bulgur Wheat, Green Chiles, Calcium Caseinate (milk) Cornstarch, Contains2% or less of spices: Tomato powder, tomato juice, salt, garlic powder, natural flavor, soy sauce powder (soybeans, wheat, salt) jalapeno peppers, gum arabic, cooked onion and carrot juice concentrate, citric acid, xanthan gum

Recipe of the month:  Recently we have been exploring bean burgers, looking for tasty, healthy vegetarian additions to our menu.  We have tried several recipes, some we like better than others. This bean burger recipe was a big hit while we were in Mexico, easy to make, freezes well and doesn’t take long to cook.  I found the recipe at:

Quinoa Black Bean Burgers
Meatless patties full of black beans, quinoa and spices. You won't believe these are vegetarian!
Author: Jen Nikolaus
Recipe type: Dinner
Serves: 4-5 burgers
  • ¼ cup quinoa, rinsed and drained
  • ½ cup water
  • 1 (15-oz) can black beans, rinsed, drained and mashed
  • ½ cup dried breadcrumbs
  • 1 large garlic glove, minced
  • 2-3 Tbsp. green onions, diced
  • 1 egg
  • 2 tsp. cumin
  • ½ tsp. salt
  • ¼ tsp. pepper
  • 1 tsp. chili powder
  • 2 Tbsp. cilantro, finely diced
  1. Bring the quinoa and water to a boil in a saucepan. Reduce heat to medium-low and simmer until quinoa is cooked and water is absorbed, about 15-20 minutes.
  2. Meanwhile, roughly mash black beans in a mixing bowl. Add in breadcrumbs, garlic, green onions, cumin, salt, pepper, chili powder and cilantro and taste. Add extra seasonings if necessary.
  3. Add in egg and cooked and cooled quinoa. Using your hands, form into 4 or 5 patties.
  4. Spray griddle or saute pan with cooking spray or a little olive oil. Cook patties until heated through, flipping halfway through.
  5. Serve on buns and enjoy!
Nutrition Information
Serving size: per burger (no bun) Calories: 270 Fat: 4 g Saturated fat: 1 g Carbohydrates: 46 g Sugar: 1 gFiber: 9 g Protein: 13 g Cholesterol: 33 mg
skin-graphic.jpgIntegumentary System
The integumentary system consists of the skin, hair, nails, and exocrine glands.  The actual skin layer is only a few millimeters thick, yet it is the largest organ in the body.  The average person’s skin weighs 10 pounds and has a surface area of approximately 20 square feet. 

Skin forms the covering of the body and creates a barrier to protect the body from physical damage, UV light, chemicals and disease.  Hair and nails extend from the skin to reinforce the skin and help protect it from environmental damage.  The exocrine glands produce sweat, oil and wax to protect, cool and moisturize the skin’s surface.

The epidermis is the outer most layer of the skin and covers the entire body.  This layer of skin rests upon and protects the deeper and thicker dermis layer of the skin.  Structurally the epidermis is only about a tenth of a millimeter thick but is made of 40 to 50 rows of stacked squaous epithelial cells. This outer layer of cells does not contain any blood or blood vessels and receives all of its nutrients from fluids via the dermis.
There are several specialized cells in the epidermis. 
  1. Almost 90% are cells known as keratoinocytes.  These cells develop from stem cells at the base of the epidermis and begin to produce and store the protein keratin.  Keratin is what makes the keratoinocytes tough, scaly and water resistant.  Dead keratoninocytes are constantly being shed from the surface and replace by cells from deeper layers.  .
  2. About 8% are melanoctyes which form the second most numerous cell type in the epidermis.  Melanocytes produce the pigment melanin to protect the skin from ultraviolet radiation and sunburn. 
  3.  Langerhans cells make up just over 1% of all epidermal cells. Their role is to detect and fight pathogens that attempt to enter the body through the skin.
  4. Merkel cells make up less than 1% of all epidermal cells and have the important function of sensing touch.   They form a disk along the deepest edge where they connect to the nerve endings in the dermis to determine light touch. 
In most of the body, the epidermis is formed into 4 distinct layers.  On the surface of the palms of the hands and the bottom of the feet, the skin is thicker than the rest of the body and there is a fifth layer.

Your skin is a reflection of how well your body is eliminating the toxins that build up on a daily basis. Chronic skin conditions such as acne, eczema and psoriasis stem from a combination of genetic factors, immune stress, dietary deficiencies or sensitivities, and the accumulation of toxins in the body. For our skin to be radiant and clear, it is very important that the other organs of elimination (kidneys, liver, lungs, and colon) are cleansing the body effectively. If not, the skin will be overtaxed, pores will become clogged, and eruptions of one sort or another will result.     
Judyth Reichenberg-Ullman N.D.
The dermis is the layer of skin found beneath the epidermis and mostly made of dense irregular connective tissue and nervous tissue, blood vessels and blood.  The thickness of the dermis gives the skin its strength and elasticity.  There are two distinct regions: the papillary layer and the reticular layer.

The papillary layer borders the epidermis and contains many finger-like extensions called dermal papillae which protrude toward the epidermis.  The dermal papillae increase the surface are of the dermis, containing many nerves and blood vessels projecting toward the skin surface.  Blood flow proves nutrients and oxygen for the epidermis cells.  The nerves of the dermal papillae are used to feel touch, pain and temperature.

The reticular layer is the deeper, thicker, and tougher part of the dermis.  It is made of irregular connective tissue containing many tough collagen and stretchy elastin fiber running in all directions to provide strength and elasticity to the skin.  It also contains blood vessels to support the skin cells and nerve tissue to sense pressure and pain.

The deepest layer in the dermis is loose connective tissues known as the hypodermis, subcutis or subcutaneous tissue.  The hypodermis serves as the flexible connection between the skin and underlying muscles and bones as well as a fat storage are.  Areolar connective tissue in the hypodermis contains elastin and collagen fibers loosely arranged to allow te skin to stretch and move independently.  Fatty adipose tissue stores energy in the form of triglycerides and helps insulate the body by trapping heat produced by the underlying muscles. 
“Wash, wash, wash. Tone, tone, tone. Strip the oil, then add an oil-free moisturizer to replace the oil. This is how we've been taught to care for our skin. It seems a little crazy when you see it in print, right? Take all that oil out and add chemicals to replace it. Nuts!” 
― Yancy Lael, Soulful Skincare: The ultimate guide to radically transforming your complexion

Know your ingredient answer: MorningStar Farms® Spicy Black Bean Burgers

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